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Fonts.java

/*
 * Copyright (c) 2001-2007 JGoodies Karsten Lentzsch. All Rights Reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without 
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
 * 
 *  o Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, 
 *    this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. 
 *     
 *  o Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, 
 *    this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation 
 *    and/or other materials provided with the distribution. 
 *     
 *  o Neither the name of JGoodies Karsten Lentzsch nor the names of 
 *    its contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived 
 *    from this software without specific prior written permission. 
 *     
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" 
 * AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, 
 * THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR 
 * PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR 
 * CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, 
 * EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, 
 * PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; 
 * OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, 
 * WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE 
 * OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, 
 * EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE. 
 */

package com.jgoodies.looks;

import java.awt.Font;
import java.awt.Toolkit;
import java.util.Locale;


/**
 * Provides static access to popular Windows fonts.
 * The sizes of the font constants are specified in 
 * <em>typographic points</em>, approximately 1/72 of an inch.<p>
 * 
 * TODO: Consider changing the visibility of the package private methods
 * to public. As an alternative we may provide a FontPolicy that can 
 * emulate the font choice on Windows XP/2000 and Windows Vista for
 * different software resolutions (96dpi/120dpi) and desktop font size settings
 * (Normal/Large/Extra Large).
 *
 * @author  Karsten Lentzsch
 * @version $Revision: 1.13 $
 * 
 * @see     FontSet
 * @see     FontSets
 * @see     FontPolicy
 * @see     FontPolicies
 * 
 * @since 2.0
 */ 
00059 public final class Fonts {
    
    /**
     * The name of the default dialog font on western Windows XP.
     */
00064     public static final String TAHOMA_NAME   = "Tahoma";
    
    /**
     * The name of the default dialog font on western Windows Vista.
     */
00069     public static final String SEGOE_UI_NAME = "Segoe UI";
    
    
    // Physical Fonts *********************************************************
    
    /**
     * This is the default font on western XP with 96dpi and normal fonts.
     * Ascent=11, descent=3, height=14, dbuX=6, dbuY=12, 14dluY=21px.
     */
00078     public static final Font TAHOMA_11PT   = new Font(TAHOMA_NAME, Font.PLAIN, 11);

    /**
     * Ascent=13, descent=3, height=16, dbuX=8, dbuY=13, 14dluY=22.75px.
     */
00083     public static final Font TAHOMA_13PT   = new Font(TAHOMA_NAME, Font.PLAIN, 13);

    /**
     * Ascent=14, descent=3, height=17, dbuX=8, dbuY=14, 14dluY=24.5px.
     */
00088     public static final Font TAHOMA_14PT   = new Font(TAHOMA_NAME, Font.PLAIN, 14);
    
    /**
     * This is Segoe UI 9pt, the default font on western Vista with 96dpi.
     * Ascent=13, descent=4, height=17, dbuX=7, dbuY=13, 13dluY=21.125px.
     */
00094     public static final Font SEGOE_UI_12PT = new Font(SEGOE_UI_NAME, Font.PLAIN, 12);

    /**
     * Ascent=14, descent=4, height=18, dbuX=8, dbuY=14, 13dluY=22.75px.
     */
00099     public static final Font SEGOE_UI_13PT = new Font(SEGOE_UI_NAME, Font.PLAIN, 13);

    /**
     * Ascent=16, descent=5, height=21, dbuX=9, dbuY=16, 13dluY=26px.
     */
00104     public static final Font SEGOE_UI_15PT = new Font(SEGOE_UI_NAME, Font.PLAIN, 15);
    
    
    // Default Windows Fonts **************************************************

    /**
     * The default icon font on western Windows XP with 96dpi
     * and the dialog font desktop setting "Normal".
     */
00113     public static final Font WINDOWS_XP_96DPI_NORMAL = TAHOMA_11PT;

    /**
     * The default GUI font on western Windows XP with 96dpi
     * and the dialog font desktop setting "Normal".
     */
00119     public static final Font WINDOWS_XP_96DPI_DEFAULT_GUI = TAHOMA_11PT;
    
    /**
     * The default icon font on western Windows XP with 96dpi
     * and the dialog font desktop setting "Large".
     */
00125     public static final Font WINDOWS_XP_96DPI_LARGE = TAHOMA_13PT;
    
    /**
     * The default icon font on western Windows XP with 120dpi
     * and the dialog font desktop setting "Normal".
     */
00131     public static final Font WINDOWS_XP_120DPI_NORMAL = TAHOMA_14PT;

    /**
     * The default GUI font on western Windows XP with 120dpi
     * and the dialog font desktop setting "Normal".
     */
00137     public static final Font WINDOWS_XP_120DPI_DEFAULT_GUI = TAHOMA_13PT;
    
    /**
     * The default icon font on western Windows Vista with 96dpi
     * and the dialog font desktop setting "Normal".
     */
00143     public static final Font WINDOWS_VISTA_96DPI_NORMAL = SEGOE_UI_12PT;

    /**
     * The default icon font on western Windows Vista with 96dpi
     * and the dialog font desktop setting "Large".
     */
00149     public static final Font WINDOWS_VISTA_96DPI_LARGE = SEGOE_UI_15PT;

    /**
     * The default icon font on western Windows Vista with 101dpi
     * and the dialog font desktop setting "Normal".<P>
     * 
     * TODO: Check if this shall be removed or not.
     */
00157     static final Font WINDOWS_VISTA_101DPI_NORMAL = SEGOE_UI_13PT;
    
    /**
     * The default icon font on western Windows Vista with 120dpi
     * and the dialog font desktop setting "Normal".
     */
00163     public static final Font WINDOWS_VISTA_120DPI_NORMAL = SEGOE_UI_15PT;
    
    
    // Desktop Property Font Keys *********************************************
    
    /**
     * The desktop property key used to lookup the DEFAULTGUI font.
     * This font scales with the software resolution only 
     * but works in western and non-western Windows environments.
     * 
     * @see #getWindowsControlFont()
     */
00175     static final String WINDOWS_DEFAULT_GUI_FONT_KEY = "win.defaultGUI.font";
    
    /**
     * The desktop property key used to lookup Windows' icon font.
     * This font scales with the software resolution and 
     * the desktop font size setting (Normal/Large/Extra Large).
     * However, in some non-western Windows environments
     * this font cannot display the locale's glyphs.<p>
     * 
     * Implementation Note: Windows uses the icon font to label icons
     * in the Windows Explorer and other places. It seems to me that
     * this works in non-western environments due to font chaining.
     * 
     * @see #getWindowsControlFont()
     */
00190     static final String WINDOWS_ICON_FONT_KEY = "win.icon.font";
    
    
    // Instance Creation ******************************************************
    
    private Fonts() {
        // Override default constructor; prevents instantation.
    }
    
    
    // Font Lookup ************************************************************
    
    static Font getDefaultGUIFontWesternModernWindowsNormal() {
        return LookUtils.IS_LOW_RESOLUTION
            ? WINDOWS_XP_96DPI_DEFAULT_GUI
            : WINDOWS_XP_120DPI_DEFAULT_GUI;
    }
    
    static Font getDefaultIconFontWesternModernWindowsNormal() {
        return LookUtils.IS_LOW_RESOLUTION
            ? WINDOWS_XP_96DPI_NORMAL
            : WINDOWS_XP_120DPI_NORMAL;
    }
    
    static Font getDefaultIconFontWesternWindowsVistaNormal() {
        return LookUtils.IS_LOW_RESOLUTION
            ? WINDOWS_VISTA_96DPI_NORMAL
            : WINDOWS_VISTA_120DPI_NORMAL;
    }


    /**
     * Returns the Windows control font used by the JGoodies Looks version 1.x.
     * It is intended for visual backward compatibility only.
     * The font returned is the default GUI font that scales with the resolution 
     * (96dpi, 120dpi, etc) but not with the desktop font size settings 
     * (normal, large, extra large).<p>
     * 
     * On Windows Vista, the font may be completely wrong.
     *  
     * @return the Windows default GUI font that scales with the resolution,
     *     but not the desktop font size setting
     * 
     * @throws UnsupportedOperationException on non-Windows platforms
     */
00235     static Font getLooks1xWindowsControlFont() {
        if (!LookUtils.IS_OS_WINDOWS)
            throw new UnsupportedOperationException();
        
        return getDesktopFont(WINDOWS_DEFAULT_GUI_FONT_KEY);
    }
    
    
    /**
     * Looks up and returns the Windows control font. Returns the Windows icon 
     * title font unless it is inappropriate for the Windows version, 
     * Java renderer, or locale.<p>
     * 
     * The icon title font scales with the resolution (96dpi, 101dpi, 120dpi, etc) 
     * and the desktop font size settings (normal, large, extra large).
     * Older versions may return a poor font. Also, since Java 1.4 and Java 5 
     * render the Windows Vista icon font Segoe UI poorly, 
     * we return the default GUI font in these environments.<p>
     * 
     * The last check is, if the icon font can display text in the 
     * default locale. Therefore we test if the locale's localized display name
     * can be displayed by the icon font. For example, Tahoma can display
     * "English", "Deutsch", but not the display name for "Chinese" in Chinese.
     *  
     * @return the Windows control font
     * 
     * @throws UnsupportedOperationException on non-Windows platforms
     */
00263     public static Font getWindowsControlFont() {
        if (!LookUtils.IS_OS_WINDOWS)
            throw new UnsupportedOperationException();
        
        Font defaultGUIFont = getDefaultGUIFont();
        // Return the default GUI font on older Windows versions.
        if (LookUtils.IS_OS_WINDOWS_95
        ||  LookUtils.IS_OS_WINDOWS_98
        ||  LookUtils.IS_OS_WINDOWS_NT
        ||  LookUtils.IS_OS_WINDOWS_ME)
            return defaultGUIFont;
        
        // Java 1.4 and Java 5 raster the Segoe UI poorly, 
        // so we use the older Tahoma, if it can display the localized text.
        if (LookUtils.IS_OS_WINDOWS_VISTA && LookUtils.IS_JAVA_1_4_OR_5) {
            Font tahoma = getDefaultGUIFontWesternModernWindowsNormal();
            return Boolean.TRUE.equals(canDisplayLocalizedText(tahoma, Locale.getDefault()))
                ? tahoma
                : defaultGUIFont;
        } 
        
        Font iconFont = getDesktopFont(WINDOWS_ICON_FONT_KEY);
        return Boolean.TRUE.equals(canDisplayLocalizedText(iconFont, Locale.getDefault()))
            ? iconFont
            : defaultGUIFont;
    }
    
    
    /**
     * Looks up and returns the Windows defaultGUI font. 
     * Works around a bug with Java 1.4.2_11, 1.5.0_07, and 1.6 b89
     * in the Vista Beta2, where the win.defaultGUI.font desktop property
     * returns null. In this case a logical "Dialog" font is used as fallback.
     * 
     * @return the Windows defaultGUI font, or a dialog font as fallback.
     */
00299     private static Font getDefaultGUIFont() {
        Font font = getDesktopFont(WINDOWS_DEFAULT_GUI_FONT_KEY);
        if (font != null)
            return font;
        return new Font("Dialog", Font.PLAIN, 12);
    }
    
    
    /**
     * Checks and answers whether the given font can display text
     * that is localized for the specified locale.
     * Returns <code>null</code> if we can't test it.<p>
     * 
     * First checks, if the locale's display language is available
     * in localized form, for example "Deutsch" for the German locale.
     * If so, we check if the given font can display the localized
     * display language.<p>
     * 
     * Otherwise we check some known combinations of fonts and locales
     * and return the associated results. For all other combinations,
     * <code>null</code> is returned to indicate that we don't know
     * whether the font can display text in the given locale.
     *  
     * @param font     the font to be tested
     * @param locale   the locale to be used
     * @return <code>Boolean.TRUE</code> if the font can display the locale's text, 
     *    <code>Boolean.FALSE</code> if not,
     *    <code>null</code> if we don't know
     *    
     * @since 2.0.4
     */
00330     public static Boolean canDisplayLocalizedText(Font font, Locale locale) {
        if (localeHasLocalizedDisplayLanguage(locale)) {
            return Boolean.valueOf(canDisplayLocalizedDisplayLanguage(font, locale));
        }
        String fontName = font.getName();
        String language = locale.getLanguage();
        if ("Tahoma".equals(fontName)) {
            if ("hi".equals(language))
                return Boolean.FALSE;
            else if ("ja".equals(language))
                return Boolean.FALSE;
            else if ("ko".equals(language))
                return Boolean.FALSE;
            else if ("zh".equals(language))
                return Boolean.FALSE;
        }
        if ("Microsoft Sans Serif".equals(fontName)) {
            if ("ja".equals(language))
                return Boolean.FALSE;
            else if ("ko".equals(language))
                return Boolean.FALSE;
            else if ("zh".equals(language))
                return Boolean.FALSE;
        }
        return null;
    }
    
    
    /**
     * Checks and answers if the given font can display the locale's
     * localized display language, for example "English" for English, 
     * "Deutsch" for German, etc. 
     * The test invokes <code>Font#canDisplayUpTo</code> on the localized
     * display language. In a Chinese locale this test
     * will check if the font can display Chinese glyphs.
     *  
     * @param font     the font to be tested
     * @param locale   the locale to be used
     * @return true if the font can display the locale's localized display language, 
     *     false otherwise
     */
00371     private static boolean canDisplayLocalizedDisplayLanguage(Font font, Locale locale) {
        String testString = locale.getDisplayLanguage(locale);
        int index = font.canDisplayUpTo(testString);
        return index == -1;
    }
    
    
    /**
     * Checks and answers whether the locale's display language
     * is available in a localized form, for example "Deutsch" for the
     * German locale.
     * 
     * @param locale   the Locale to test
     * @return true if the display language is localized, false if not
     */
00386     private static boolean localeHasLocalizedDisplayLanguage(Locale locale) {
        if (locale.getLanguage().equals(Locale.ENGLISH.getLanguage()))
            return true;
        String englishDisplayLanguage = locale.getDisplayLanguage(Locale.ENGLISH);
        String localizedDisplayLanguage = locale.getDisplayLanguage(locale);
        return !(englishDisplayLanguage.equals(localizedDisplayLanguage));
    }
    
    
    /**
     * Looks up and returns a font using the default toolkit's 
     * desktop properties. 
     * 
     * @param fontName    the name of the font to return
     * @return the font
     */
00402     private static Font getDesktopFont(String fontName) {
        Toolkit toolkit = Toolkit.getDefaultToolkit();
        return (Font) toolkit.getDesktopProperty(fontName);
    }
    
    
}

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